The presence of a footnote or endnote is generally indicated in the text of the book with a number. However, they may also be indicated by one of the following: asterisk (*), dagger (†), double dagger (††), or number. These characters require special formatting, as follows:
- Replace daggers (†) with a double asterisk (**)
- Replace double daggers (††) with a triple asterisk (***)
For footnotes or endnotes that appear as numbers in the text:
- Leave numbers as is – do not replace with asterisks
- Make sure there is a space before and after the number or asterisk in the text
- Numbers can be superscripted or subscripted. Keep whichever is in the original text.
Example: superscript ⁴ , subscript ₁
Footnotes are located at the bottom of a page.
- Place the footnote information at the bottom of the page in square brackets
- Both the information and the corresponding number or asterisk should be inside the brackets
Example 1: [1. Library of Alexandria]
Example 2: [** Library of Congress]
Endnotes are located at the end of the chapter, or the end of the book, rather than at the bottom of a page
- Treat the endnote heading as a chapter heading (16 point and bold)
- Do not use tabs to format, just single spaces